When the child is ready for solid food. Around 6 months, the baby needs extra nutrition (except milk) to grow properly, get enough iron and all the essential nutrients his body needs. Solid foods do not replace breast milk or powdered milk. They work for up to 12 months as long as the child needs both groups equally. The additional benefits of solid food entry into a child’s life are that he or she discovers new flavors, textures develop teeth and jaws and build skills that will be needed later in language development.
Signs that the baby is ready (about 6 months):
- He has good control of his head and neck and can sit with the torso upright
- It shows interest in food by looking at what your dish has
- Trying to get your food
- It opens the mouth when you offer it to eat with the spoon
If the baby has reached 7 months and has not shown any of the upper marks, it is advisable to consult your doctor.
The right timing for solid food
On the first level, to make the transition go smoothly, you need to be both relaxed and happy. The best time to try eating right after breastfeeding or milk powder is because he is still hungry and wants something to satisfy his hunger.
You understand that he is still hungry when he is excited to see his food getting ready, when he tilts towards you and when he opens your mouth as you make the move to feed him. On the contrary, when he no longer cares, he turns his head elsewhere, detaches, pushes the spoon or holds his mouth stubbornly closed.
It is always good to talk to the baby and explain the process to him, helping him both in language development and slowly understanding what is happening and why.
One to two teaspoons of solid food is enough to recommend it to your child. By the time she reaches 12 months, she will eat, on average, 3 small meals a day.
The texture of the food
We start with ground food in puree texture, then go through very thin strips and then into finely chopped bushes. Between 6 and 8 months the transition from gentle to tougher food is made to learn to chew and slowly to do it alone. As time goes on, he will be able to eat the same texture as the rest of the family.
The types of foods
Every solid food is something new that excites the baby. The most important element is to provide it with iron-rich foods and the right texture. The main food groups we are interested in are:
- Vegetables, for example, boiled potato, carrots, and beans
- Fruits such as banana, apple, melon, and avocado
- Wheat, oats, bread, rice, and pasta
- Dairy products such as yogurt and – if the pediatrician allows – cheeses
- Meat, fish, pork, boiled eggs (never molasses)
Foods that are good to avoid
- Honey is given to children after the first year
- The same goes for goat milk or soy
- Not in low-fat dairy for the first 2 years
- Hard foods, such as nuts, are dangerous so we give them to a child when they are 3 years old.
- Unpasteurized milk, ready-made fruit juices, tea, coffee, and sugary drinks are good to avoid at all ages.
When the child is ready for solid food