Often, the tear of the eye is, thankfully, innocent. That is, it is due to a transient problem, which causes a slight discomfort for a few days and resolves on its own or with appropriate treatment.
What things tears brings to your eyes?
Conjunctivitis (allergic or microbial)
It usually occurs with a tear accompanied by reddening of the eyes. In the bacterial conjunctiva the eyes sting and make gums, whereas in the allergic they usually only tear. In both cases it is conjunctival irritation, that is, the lining of the eye and the inside of the eyelids. Irritation can be caused by pollen allergy or by a bacterium.
Management: The ophthalmologist will recommend the case and appropriate treatment accordingly. For allergy e.g. conjunctivitis, cold compresses and artificial tears are usually sufficient to alleviate the symptoms, whereas conjunctivitis insists on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory as well as antihistamine cholera. Antimicrobial conjunctivitis is usually treated with antibiotic drops and ointments that cover the broader spectrum of germs. However, antibiotics are not always necessary in bacterial conjunctivitis as most cases are mild and resolve within 7-14 days without treatment.
Caution: Whatever the cause of a conjunctivitis, it should not be treated casually as something that will pass with time. Diagnosis by an ophthalmologist is essential, especially to rule out any possibility of another serious condition manifesting with similar symptoms (congenital glaucoma, foreign cornea).
Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids)
It manifests with tears and redness in the eyes, as the inflammation in the eyelids disrupts the function of the tear glands, which produce the tears. Blepharitis is usually due to local eye infection and – not infrequently – to a vision defect (hypermetropia, astigmatism) that has not been corrected. The condition can also be caused by allergic factors in the eyelids, especially during the spring.
Remedy: Treatment of this inflammation involves the removal of secretions by special cleaning of the eyelid to prevent recurrence. Your ophthalmologist will also recommend cholesterol and ointment containing antibiotics or cortisone and antihistamines.
Caution: If the tear persists for more than twenty-four hours, especially if it is accompanied by secretions and swelling in the eyelids without being justified by an extrinsic agent (eg powders, tobacco, rubbish, etc.). ), you should see your doctor as soon as possible.
Are the contact lenses to blame?
If you use contact lenses and tear occurs when you wear them, it may be due to poor disinfection, an allergy to detergent ingredients, or prolonged use of contact lenses that have been prescribed for a specific period (for one month or one use). Also infections and tears can sometimes occur when a foreign body enters between the lens and the eye.
Correction: Wash your hands thoroughly each time you grasp your lenses and only wear them for the length of time your optician has set you. To avoid irritation, choose lenses that do not tighten but apply perfectly to the curve of the eye, and for hypoallergenic products, clean them.
Caution: When you are sick and especially when you have a fever you avoid wearing your lenses because the immune system’s ability to protect your eyes increases because of the risk of eye infections. Remember that the contact lens is a good ground for germs to germinate and multiply. You should also be aware that when the eyes are ill, contact lenses are forbidden.
In order not to tear in front of the computer
It is well known and pervasive that prolonged use of the computer results in tearing of the eyes, without this posing particular risks to eyesight. However, if your job requires daily use of the computer, your experts advise:
* Stop writing at the first signs of eye fatigue (itching, burning, tear).
* For every 20 consecutive minutes you write or read on the screen, take a 20-second break, during which you will look at something further than 6 meters away. This gives the eyes an opportunity to rest. It is the equivalent to muscle stretching.
* The screen is also good to be at eye height of about 45-75 cm.
* Do not forget to use cholesterol if your doctor has told you to.
What else can I blame and tear?
• Dry eye. Although tearing from a “dry eye” may sound a bit odd, this small amount of tear secreted works irritating to the eye. During the irritation, however, the tear gland responds reflexively to the production of additional tears, eventually causing the eye to overflow.
• Loosening of the eyelid tissue may be due to an injury or a burn that you have had in the past and cause tears. This relaxation can also occur due to age.
• Exposure to strong air can make your eyes tear more easily, especially if you already have some sensitivity or suffer from an eye condition. The same effect (ie tear) can be caused by the sun or heat. In this case sunglasses will help.
• Glaucoma may not be directly related to whether your eyes are tearing. But often people who have glaucoma problems without knowing it have the first symptom and only tear.
• Some medications or even eye fatigue can cause excessive tear secretion.
• Tear duct obstruction (small tube that starts from the middle corner of the eye and ends up in the nose): In cases where complete tear duct obstruction is present, there is a risk of germs and infections in the eyes. These infections require careful monitoring and appropriate treatment in order not to compromise vision.
Caution: Many children are born with a tear duct closed, and about 6% have some degree of obstruction. Fortunately, the overwhelming majority (90%) overcome the problem without any treatment at all by the age of one. However, special care is needed by people with cataracts and obstructed tear ducts, because cataract surgery, even with the most modern techniques, if done before the occluded tear duct can be treated can cause serious eye contamination and blindness.
* Tears, contrary to what many people might think, are constantly produced and not only when we are under emotional stress.
* These tears not only harm the eyes, but also benefit them, since they protect them from various infections thanks to a protein contained in tear fluid, lysozyme.
* In addition, their chemical composition cleanses the eyes, protects them from dryness and harmful environmental factors (powders suspended particles), facilitates eyelid movements and lubricates the anterior surface of the bulb.
* In any case, if the tears and redness of the eyes persist for more than 24 hours and especially if accompanied by excretion and swelling in the eyelids without being justified by any extrinsic agent (eg powders, tobacco, rubbish coming in eye), you should see your doctor as soon as possible.