The age of the first pregnancy decreases with the level of study. In the 1960s, women made their first child at age 24. In 2010, they do so four years later, according to the latest INSEE report (1). And for the next ones, here too, the mothers are older at the birth of their offspring. Regardless of the child’s rank, the average age of mothers is 30 years old.
The development of contraception, access to abortion have allowed women to better control the timing of births. But other factors come into play. The generalization of higher education has helped to delay the family project. Thus, INSEE says, the higher the woman’s diploma, the sooner the first child arrives. The average age of mothers without a diploma at the birth of their first child is 3.1 years lower than for bachelors and almost five years lower than for women who completed two years of higher education (2007 data) .
In addition to this desire to enter the job market with greater chances, there is the desire for women to live longer for two.
Since the beginning of the 1980s, the difference between the births of children has been relatively stable with “a slight tendency to decrease”, observes INSEE. It is on average 3.9 years between the 1st and the 2nd and 4.3 years between 2nd and 3rd.
The level of education being a determinant factor for the age of the first pregnancy, “immigrant women have their first child sooner,” says the INSEE study. 3, 8 years less for women of fakes residing in metropolitan France, nearly a year for women from Africa or Maghreb.
Finally, the average age of first-time mothers in France is very close to the figures of the European Union. Italy and Spain widen the gap with an average of 30 years, Bulgaria and Romania with an average age of 25 years.