People who live near several fast food restaurants are more likely to fall into temptation and consume this type of unhealthy food, which could increase the incidence of myocardial infarction cases in these population areas. This has been announced by a study presented at the 67th Annual Congress of the Cardiology Society of Australia and New Zealand (Csanz2019) that has taken place in Adelaide (Australia).
The work has analyzed 3070 patients who were hospitalized after a heart attack between 2011 and 2013. In order to obtain these results, members of the University of Newcastle (Australia) compared the cases of registered infractions with the number of restaurants or establishments in Fast food or fast food to which those affected had access, depending on the zip code of their homes.
The conclusions indicated that for each store selling additional junk food in the area where the people analyzed lived there were four more heart attacks per year per 100,000 people. This association was found both in city areas and in the rural areas of New South Wales, and even after age adjustments, cholesterol levels, obesity , high blood pressure , diabetes or smoking.
More control over fast food establishments, control the heart attack
Fast food has already been associated with health problems , such as cardiovascular diseases , asthma and wheezing or less chance of pregnancy , because this type of food is high in saturated and trans fats , in salt and low nutritional value, what added to the increasing sedentary lifestyle can cause heart attacks.
Therefore, the researchers underline the importance of regulating accessibility to these restaurants and establishments, controlling their location and density, something in which the European Society of Cardiology agrees , since it includes this recommendation in one of its guidelines for cardiovascular disease prevention . In addition, the authors believe that the consumption of healthy foods without fast foods should be promoted by making supermarkets accessible with fresh food section.