water can be dangerous. Water is a gift to our body as long as we drink it in moderation. Water is essential for the normal functioning of our body. Excessive consumption, however, can be fatal.
Rapid uptake of water floods the inside of cells where sodium is depleted. This depletion of sodium is called hyponatremia, which can cause the rupture of cells. As cells break down in different parts of the body, various symptoms begin to emerge rapidly.
Hyponatremia is an electrolyte disorder when blood sodium levels fall below normal levels. Normal sodium levels in the blood are essential for normal body function.
Water poisoning suffers from excessive intake or excessive water retention. It presents with symptomatic hyponatremia or hypotension or both. The cells swell, causing various functions of the body to deteriorate. The pressure on the skull is increasing. This is followed by water poisoning.
Symptoms such as headaches, nausea, and vomiting are the most common. But when things are more serious, blood pressure rises and confusion ensues. The vision becomes double and causes drowsiness. Then there is the shortness of breath. When continued, cramps are created while brain processing is disrupted. Brain edema can occur which can damage the central nervous system. Brain damage, coma, etc are rare cases but they do happen. If the person does not receive treatment there is also the possibility of dying.
How much should we drink?
We should drink the water only when we are thirsty to avoid reaching the other end which is dehydration. However, an excessive amount causes some or all of the above. The issue is that excessive water consumption can damage the body. This is something that is very difficult to do but still happens. Hyponatremia is common in athletes many kilometers because they drink large quantities sharply. The right thing to do is to temporarily stop drinking water as soon as we are thirsty.
water can be dangerous
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