Vegetarianism: Pros and Cons. Vegetarianism existed in ancient and oriental cultures.
History of the phenomenon
Pythagoras and the ancient Egyptian priests who participated in certain mystical rituals did not eat meat. Europeans for themselves discovered vegetarianism in the 40s of the XIX century. At least in 1847 the first society of vegetarians appeared in Britain.
With the perception of vegetarianism, we are very ambiguous. Most likely, the fact is that vegetarianism almost never goes alone. Most often, it is the result of certain religious, mystical or philosophical convictions. In Russia, Tolstoy’s followers (along with the ideas of non-resistance to evil) were deeply fond of vegetarianism, practiced a number of religious sects (for example, Doukhobors and Belorussians). For today, vegetarianism is an attribute of those who are engaged in yoga, and followers of a number of ecological movements. However, in the west, vegetarianism is gaining momentum as an ordinary recreational practice, devoid of ideological load. But even in this form, vegetarianism raises many questions and disputes.
Types of vegetarianism
“I do not eat anybody.” So, those who are in favor of vegetarianism, give the following arguments.
Strict vegetarianism does not allow the consumption of meat, fish, eggs, caviar and milk. “It is unacceptable to eat what the eye has,” Pythagoras believed. And according to the laws of strict vegetarianism, they also produce what they have with their eyes.
Lactovegetarianism – allows the use of dairy and fermented milk products. This provides the body with calcium.
Ovolacto – vegetarianism – supplements , in addition to milk, also eating eggs. This provides the body with calcium and vitamin B12.
Mladovegetarianism gives even more concessions: you can eat fish and white meat of birds occasionally.
Diet of fruitarians
Fruit ration – the diet is based on fruits and berries. True, cereals, nuts and even tomatoes with aubergines are allowed.
Vitamin-mineral . The main advantage of their type of food is vegetarians, of course, called health. It is undeniable that a large amount of mineral substances and vitamins of the group C and P, beta-carotene, magnesium enter into the organisms of vegetarians. But, cholesterol from vegetables and fruits, on the contrary, in the fruit and vegetable ration to take nowhere. In fact, this alignment means that vegetarians are less likely than carnivores to have cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis.
Power . With a modern sedentary lifestyle, people are quite sufficient for the energy they receive from vegetables. And in general, vegetarians consider, the inhabitants of developed countries eat much more than they really need. With this it is difficult to argue: it is known that the more modest (up to a certain limit, of course) the daily portions of a person, the greater the duration of his life. The truth is on one condition: if the food is balanced, and the body receives the necessary portion of vitamins and minerals.
Ethical . If you show meat eaters what happens in slaughterhouses, many of them could not eat meat from disgust, say vegetarians. From economic considerations, animals are often slaughtered in completely inhumane conditions.
Physiological . This argument is one of the most controversial and surprising. As it turns out, the features of human anatomy and physiology and chemical processes bring it closer to herbivores than to carnivores. Thus, the lack of claws and the weak concentration of hydrochloric acid in the stomach make it possible to conclude that nature has deprived a person of the necessary “tools” for eating and assimilating meat. In addition, the length of the intestines of carnivores is 3 times the length of the body, while in humans and herbivores – 6 times or more. Therefore, from the organism of carnivorous animals, the meat is quickly excreted, not releasing toxins that hamper the work of the kidneys.
Opponents of vegetarianism
“They do not like animals, they hate plants.”
Of course, opponents of vegetarianism do not remain in debt. Mockeries concerning ethics, we will leave aside, we will only deal with issues related to health and well-being.
The first thing that doctors are doing is the lack of certain substances in vegetarian food . If the lack of protein can still be replenished, including nuts and legumes daily in your diet, then you only have to accept the lack of amino acids. Because of the rejection of milk and fermented milk products, the body lacks vitamin B2. Older vegetarians may lack iodine.
In addition, you need to make a discount on the climate . Still, vegetarianism originated in the southern warm climate. However, the north of the people, the less vegetables and fruits in its diet for purely climatic reasons. Well, do not make a vegetarian from a Chukchi, no matter how hard you try.
Not available to everyone
But the most objection is that the vegetarian lifestyle is designed for an average healthy person . For example, vegetarianism does not take into account the needs of athletes, pregnant women, children and adolescents, the elderly with the already available baggage of diseases. Therefore, if you really want to join the ranks of vegetarians – consult a nutritionist. At least, the doctor will determine your individual characteristics and tell you which foods should be given priority in your diet.
Vegetarianism: Pros and Cons.
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