13 causes of burning in the feet
This disease is characterized by an increase in the level of sugar and fat (for example, triglycerides) in the blood. Over time, diabetes mellitus leads to damage to the peripheral nerves of the arms and legs, which can result in a permanent or temporary burning sensation. Tell your doctor about the first signs – tingling or numbness of the fingers and toes, do not forget to regularly check the doctor, to be sure that the disease is under control.
2. Peripheral neuropathy
This condition means the presence of damage to the nerve endings that connect the spinal cord with the arms, legs, palms and feet. Diabetes mellitus is the most common cause of such damage, but there are many other reasons – cancer treatment (chemotherapy), kidney failure, autoimmune diseases (including rheumatoid arthritis), toxic substances, infections, and nutritional problems.
Excessive alcohol consumption can cause many health problems. Over the years, alcoholism can damage the nerves leading to the feet. In addition, alcoholism reduces the level of nutrients that are important for maintaining the health of the nervous system. Alone or together, these problems make a person feel a tingling or burning sensation in the area of the feet for several months or years. Refusing alcohol will alleviate the symptoms and prevent further damage. Seek help from your doctors.
4. Fungal infection
On the plantar surface of the feet and between the toes, it is often warm and humid, therefore these places are the favorite localization of fungi like mold. The affected area may itch and burn. This fungus perfectly survives in wet shoes and socks, on the floors of changing rooms. Dry your shoes, wear slippers in locker rooms and pools. Antifungal creams, sprays, powders will help control the infection.
5. Vitamin B12 deficiency
This vitamin is essential for healthy nerve endings. You can get it with food in insufficient quantities, especially if you stick to vegetarianism. Older people and people who have undergone gastric bypass surgery are harder to absorb vitamin B12. Persons suffering from alcoholism also receive less vitamin B12, folic acid, thiamine and other vitamins of group B.
6. Chronic renal failure (CRF)
Most often, diabetes or arterial hypertension leads to the development of CRF. The kidneys gradually stop working properly. As a result, toxic metabolic products accumulate in the body that can damage the nerves (uremic neuropathy), including them in the area of the feet, which causes a painful burning sensation.
7. Tarsal tunnel syndrome
The “tunnel” is located between the ankle and a group of ligaments located in the upper part of the foot. Inside it is the tibial nerve that innervates the plantar part of the foot. Swelling from various injuries, arthritis, bone spurs, arches of the foot and other pathological conditions creates increased pressure on the nerve. As a result, a person experiences shooting pains, numbness, tingling and burning in the area of the feet.
8. Neuropathy of small fibers
This pathology can often begin with piercing pain, burning and itching in the area of the feet. The condition worsens during rest and at night. Heat and cold provoke attacks, even when the patient cannot feel the temperature difference due to illness. Sometimes the cause of this disease is diabetes, sometimes the cause is unclear. Certain genes are responsible for susceptibility to this pathology.
This condition results from a decrease in the function of the thyroid gland (a butterfly-shaped organ located in the neck). A person with hypothyroidism notes fatigue, constipation, chilliness, forgetfulness, decreased libido. There may also be a burning sensation in the area of the feet. Doctors do not know exactly the reasons, but perhaps this is due to fluid retention in the body, which squeezes the nerves.
In this disease, an abnormal protein is formed in the bone marrow, which then accumulates in various organs. The disease can go unnoticed for a long time, until it begins to progress. Then patients note weakness, fatigue, thickening of the skin, a tendency to hematomas, the appearance of purple spots around the eyes. There is fluid retention in the body. Swelling in the ankles squeezes the nerves and causes tingling and burning feet. There is no treatment for this disease, you can only alleviate the symptoms.
The exact causes of this pathology are unknown, perhaps the reason is that the blood vessels do not dilate and do not narrow properly. The skin becomes red, hot, swollen, and the person notes a burning sensation in the palms and mainly the feet. The attack lasts from several minutes to several days. Contact of the limbs with ice water can bring relief, but it can also trigger the onset of symptoms. To alleviate the symptoms of the disease, the doctor will prescribe a therapeutic skin lotion and pills.
12. HIV / AIDS
About a third of HIV / AIDS patients have nerve fibers. They can affect both the virus itself and the drugs used to control it. A similar effect can have and concomitant infections such as herpes, tuberculosis, candidiasis, arising from a weakened immune system. Patients may be bothered by stiffness, tingling, numbness and burning in the area of the toes and on the feet. Find out the cause of these symptoms and choose a treatment will help the doctor.
13. Contact dermatitis
Detergents, cleaners, soaps, waxes and other household chemicals can irritate the skin. Often, contact dermatitis occurs in medical workers, florists, hairdressers, machinists, cleaners. An allergic reaction may occur after a few hours, and it may take a longer period of time, depending on how quickly the chemical breaks the upper protective layer of the skin. The symptoms of the disease should be reported to the doctor, depending on the reason, he will prescribe the necessary treatment.